Toroidal Radiation Pattern Patch Antenna

electrical and electronics
Toroidal Radiation Pattern Patch Antenna (GSC-TOPS-218)
A toroidal-shaped patch antenna designed for use in extreme conditions, such as in outer space
Overview
Low-profile radio antennas are needed due to circumstances such as limited antenna locations and height requirements. A patch antenna is a type of radio antenna with a low profile, which can be mounted on a flat surface. Due to the low-profile nature of patch antennas, they can be mounted on the exterior of aircrafts or spacecrafts and incorporated into robotics. Common patch antenna shapes are square, rectangular, circular and elliptical, but any continuous shape is possible. For extreme conditions, such as in outer space, a patch antenna is needed that can handle extreme temperature swings. The Toroidal Radiation Pattern Patch Antenna is capable of being used in extreme conditions, while maintaining its low profile.

The Technology
The Toroidal Radiation Pattern Patch Antenna has a low-profile configuration with an omnidirectional radiation pattern. Since the antenna has a toroidal shape, the antenna can transmit radio signals in all directions at an equal radio power. Compared to a center-fed circular patch antenna, the Toroidal Radiation Pattern Patch Antenna has a large bandwidth and similar radiation pattern. The Toroidal Radiation Pattern Patch Antenna has an annular ring. The distance between the patch and the ring can be modified, resulting in different operation bandwidths. The annular ring operates at 5.3 GHz and 5.8 GHz WiFi bands to meet International Space Station requirements. A typical patch antenna consists of an antenna element bonded to a dielectric substrate, such as a printed circuit board, with a continuous metal layer bonded to the opposite side of the dielectric to form a ground plate. The Toroidal Radiation Pattern Patch Antenna utilizes a dielectric that can handle temperature swings necessary for deployment in space, having minimal thermal expansion. The Toroidal Radiation Pattern Patch Antenna also contains a protective dome to protect from extreme conditions.
Inside this geodesic dome is the 11-meter Universal Space Network (USN) Poker Flat Satellite Station antenna in Poker Flats, Alaska. This satellite supports communication with many NASA satellites, especially those in low earth orbit at high inclinations.
Benefits
  • Enables usage in extreme conditions, such as in outer space
  • Meets International Space Station space requirements

Applications
  • Space-based robotics operation
  • Telemetry communication
Technology Details

electrical and electronics
GSC-TOPS-218
GSC-17751-1
10340585
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