Pseudo random coding technique for 3D imaging

information technology and software
Pseudo random coding technique for 3D imaging (GSC-TOPS-93)
Offers enhanced resolution and improved system reliability
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center has developed a high resolution 3-D imaging lidar system using a resolution enhanced pseudo random code technique that improves the ranging resolution by an order of magnitude with the same transmitted optical power. Further, multiple laser diodes can be used as transmitters and transmitter power can be scaled up by modulating many diode lasers simultaneously.

The Technology
This technology uses a pseudo random coding technique for 3D imagining. This new approach uses a spread spectrum time-resolved method, which has been widely used in the field of radar and telecommunications and the technique is also known as random-modulation continuous-wave (RM-CW). In such a spread spectrum time-resolved system, a low power continuous wave (CW) laser diode modulated with a pseudo-random bit sequence replaces the pulsed laser as the light source. The fundamental idea is that range resolution in CW operation is preserved if the emitted signal is modulated such that its cross correlation with a demodulating signal is a cyclically repeated delta-like function of time. This allows retrieval of laser returns from specific distances despite temporal overlap at the detector.
Laser 3-D imaging for hazard avoidance, motion sensing, and rendezvous/docking with resolution enhanced pseudo random code technique
  • Enhanced resolution
  • Transmitter power is easily scaled
  • Improved system reliability

  • Surface reconstruction
  • Mapping
  • Obstacle recognition and navigation for vehicles
Technology Details

information technology and software
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