Plenoptic Camera

optics
Plenoptic Camera (LAR-TOPS-318)
Multi-spectral imaging for metrology using plenoptic camera technology
Overview
NASA's Langley Research Center has developed a plenoptic camera that can image two-dimensional (or in some cases three dimensional) spatial information as well as color, where in the final image each pixel contains a spectrum of the imaged scene. Plenoptic technology measures image brightness as well as the direction of the light rays. This enables new imaging capabilities, such as refocusing the acquired image to different depths and viewing the same scene from slightly different perspectives. As an imaging pyrometer, the camera can measure 2D temperature (and possibly emissivity) distributions.

The Technology
This camera incorporates an array of 470 x 360 microlenses, with each microlens producing an image onto a 14 x 14 pixel array. Specific colors or spectra can be continuous or arbitrarily determined; and can be easily and inexpensively modified. Modifications of the collected spectra can be useful for different applications where the emitted light needs to be analyzed to determine qualitative or quantitative information about a flow, object, or scene. The sensor can measure fluid, mechanical, thermodynamic, or structural properties of gases, liquids, and solids.
Plenoptic camera Plenoptic camera diagram showing positions of microlenses and image sensor. Image Credit: NASA
Benefits
  • Inexpensive to produce
  • Very easy to modify the filter arrangement to obtain different spectra
  • Versatile -- the camera can be used for one application, and with a quick change of filter used for a completely different application

Applications
  • Imaging pyrometer
  • Emission spectroscopy imaging
  • Smokestack pollution detection
  • Flow temperature sensing
  • Tomographic particle image velocimetry
  • Astronomy / solar observations
Technology Details

optics
LAR-TOPS-318
LAR-18772-1 LAR-18772-1-CIP
10,417,779
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