Biomarker Sensor Arrays for Microfluidics Applications
Biomarker Sensor Arrays for Microfluidics Applications (NPO-TOPS-14)
For multi-color imaging and processing of single-molecule life signatures
NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) offers a method to manufacture biomarker sensor arrays with nanoscale resolution and active regions on the order of 1 micron, by applying nanolithographic direct-write techniques to the fabrication of silane chemistry sensors on a transparent substrate. This novel technology enables extremely fine patterns of detectors suitable for multicolor imaging of single-molecule samples at resolutions far below the diffraction limit. The extremely small size of these sensors allows for rapid, highly specific screening for hundreds of functionalities within a single, small, integrated microfluidics chip.
This invention provides a method and system for fabricating a biomarker sensor array by dispensing one or more entities using a precisely positioned, electrically biased nanoprobe immersed in a buffered fluid over a transparent substrate. Fine patterning of the substrate can be achieved by positioning and selectively biasing the probe in a particular region, changing the pH in a sharp, localized volume of fluid less than 100 nm in diameter, resulting in a selective processing of that region. One example of the implementation of this technique is related to Dip-Pen Nanolithography (DPN), where an Atomic Force Microscope probe can be used as a pen to write protein and DNA Aptamer inks on a transparent substrate functionalized with silane-based self-assembled monolayers. But it would be recognized that the invention has a much broader range of applicability. For example, the invention can be applied to formation of patterns using biological materials, chemical materials, metals, polymers, semiconductors, small molecules, organic and inorganic thins films, or any combination of these.
- Fast: Rapidly interrogates, with high selectivity, very sparse samples within microfluidic systems (e.g., less than 10 microseconds)
- Precise: Offers better resolution at smaller sizes (~1 micron or less)
- Versatile: Can apply patterns using a wide range of previously incompatible materials (e.g., biologicals, chemicals, metals, polymers, small molecules dendrimers, proteins, semiconductors, insulators, thin films, etc.) and in various pH environments
- Efficient: Carries out sequential reactions with improved throughput and greater yield
- Life sciences - medical diagnostic systems, pharmaceutical research, biotechnology
- Security - detection of toxins and bio-weapons
- Agriculture - processing and analysis of soil samples
- Chemistry - organic and inorganic, molecular interactions
- Electronics and semiconductors